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Posted on May 20, 2013 in Soil management | 0 comments

Nutrient Accumulators

Nutrient Accumulators

Plants take in nutrients from the soil in which they grow. These nutrients accumulate in their leaves, roots and fruit. Composting of plant and food wastes and subsequent use of compost in your garden beds, returns these nutrients back into the soil. Legumes including the garden peas and clover in the image above, are able to extract nitrogen from the air, carrying it down to the roots in the soil. For that reason, always leave your legume roots in the ground after harvest. They will return nitrogen to the soil as they break down, perfect for a crop of leafy vegetables. More detailed information [pdf]

*Note: Items in bold text below are more readily available plants, often grown in home gardens.

NAMEBOTANICAL NAMENaIFlBSiSNMgCaKPMnFeCuCo
Alfalfa /LucerneMedicago sativa      x     x  
Arrowroot         x      
Bladder wrack  x     x    x  
BorageBorago officinalis    x    x     
Bracken, easternPteridium aquifolium         xxxxxx
Bridal bower           x    
BuckwheatFagopyrum esculentums         x     
BurdockArctium minus           x   
Cabbage    x x x  x x  x x 
Calamus       x  xx    
Carageen x     x x      
CarawayCarum carvi          x    
Carrot leavesDaucus carota       x x     
CattailTypha latifolia      x        
Chamomile, cornAnthemis arvensis        xx     
Chamomile, GermanChamomilla recutita        xxx    
ChickweedStellaria media         xxx   

 

NAMEBOTANICAL NAMENaIFlBSiSNMgCaKPMnFeCuCo
ChicoryCichorium intybus        xx     
ChivesAllium sp.x       x      
CleaversGalium aparinex       x      
CloversTrifolium sp.      x   x    
Clover, hopMedicago lupulina      x   x    
Clover, rabbit foot       x   x    
Clover, redTrifolium protense      x   x    
Clover, whiteTrifolium repens      x   x    
Coltsfoot      x xxx  xx 
ComfreySymphytum officinale    x xxxx  x  
DandelionTaraxacum vulgarex   x  xxxx xx 
Dock, broad leavedRumex obtusifolias        xxx x  
Dulse xx     xx   x  
Fat henAtriplex hastata         x  x  
FennelFoeniculum vulgarex     x   x    
Flax, seedLinum usitatissimum         x     

 

NAMEBOTANICAL NAMENaIFlBSiSNMgCaKPMnFeCuCo
GarlicAllium sativum  x  x     x   
GroundselSenecio vulgaris            x  
HorsetailsEquisetum sp.    x  xx   x x
Kelp xx    xxx   x  
Lamb’s quartersChenopodsum album      x xxxx   
Lemon BalmMelissa offcinalis          x    
LupineLupinus sp.      x   x    
Marigold, flowersTagetes sp.          x    
Meadow sweetAstilbe sp.x    x xx x x  
Mistletoe        x       
Mullein, commonVerbascum sp.     x x x  x  
MustardsBrassica sp.     x    x    
Nettles, stingingUrtica urensx    xx xx  xx 
Oak, barkQuercus sp.         x     
Oat Straw     x          
Parsley        xxx  x  
PeppermintMentha piperita       x x     

 

NAMEBOTANICAL NAMENaIFlBSiSNMgCaKPMnFeCuCo
Pigweed, red rootAmaranthus retroflexus        xxx x  
PlantainsPlantago sp.    xx xx  xx  
PrimroseOenothera biennis      x        
PurslanePortulaca oleracea       x x x   
Salad burnetPoterium sanguisorbax    x xx   x  
SavorySatureja sp.         x     
Scarlet PimpernelAnagallis arvensis       x       
Shepherd’s purseCapsella bursa-pastorisx    x  x      
Skunk cabbageNavarretia squanosa       x       
Sorrel, sheepRumex acetosellax       x x    
Sow thistleSonchus arvensis       x x   x 
SpurgesEuphorbia sp.   x           
Strawberry, leavesFragaria sp.            x  
TansyTanacetum vulgare         x     
Thistle, CanadaCirsium arvense            x  
Thistle, creepingSonchus arvensis         xx x  

 

NAMEBOTANICAL NAMENaIFlBSiSNMgCaKPMnFeCuCo
Thistle, noddingCarduus nutans            x  
Thistle, RussianSalsola pestifer            x  
ToadflaxLinaria vulgaris       xx   x  
Tobacco, stems/stalkNicotiana sp.      x        
ValerianValeriana ofjicinalis    x          
VetchesVicia sp.      x  xx  xx
WatercressNasturtium officinalex x  x xxxx x  
Willow, barkSalix sp.       x       
YarrowAchilea millefolium      x  xx  x 

 

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